Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) is a term used to describe a range of disabilities that may affect people whose mothers drank alcohol while they were pregnant.

FASD is an umbrella term that covers several alcohol-related medical diagnoses.

These include :

  • Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS)
  • partial Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (pFAS)
  • alcohol-related birth defects (ARBD)

(quoted from the Public Health Agency of Canada)


Every child with FASD is different and unique. Emotional needs and cognitive capacities vary along with self esteem, social skills, and understanding of moral values. My approach to the work with persons with FASD is relationship based. In other words, I approach the person without rigid expectations. As we build our trust and relationship I help the person explore the challenges in an experiential way, i.e. through expressive tools (e.g. art, sandplay and role-play). It is possible to attempt changing even the most challenging behaviour when the relationship is secure and strong enough to withstand the anxiety and stress that stems from the change.